Salah Is the Second Pillar of Islam

What is Salah (salat)?

Salah (salat) is the Arabic term for the ritual prayer that is obligatory for Muslims to perform five times a day. It forms one of the five pillars of Islam.

Salah, prayer, is the second pillar. The Islamic faith is based on the belief that individuals have a direct relationship with God. The world’s Muslims turn individually and collectively to Makkah, Islam’s holiest city, to offer five daily prayers

The five prayers are:

Fajr –

This takes place at pre-dawn


This takes place just after the sun reaches its zenith


This takes place between noon and sunset


This takes place just after sunset


This takes place during the night/at night-time.

In addition, Friday congregational service is also required. Although salah can be performed alone, it is meritorious to perform it with another or with a group. It is permissible to pray at home, at work, or even outdoors; however, it is recommended that Muslims perform salah in a mosque.

Aside from the five obligatory prayers, Muslims may offer Sunnah and Nafl Salah.

The Sunnah Salah (prayers) are ones that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to habitually offer voluntary worship at specified times and places.

Nafl Salah is a voluntary prayer that a Muslim may offer at any time as a form of extra Ibadah (worship).

Why is Salah important?

Salah is an integral part of the lifestyle of a Muslim. Through prayer, Muslims are required each day to ponder on the verses of the Qur’an, the Shahadah (the declaration of faith), and Allah’s attributes.

Muslims across the world unite in prayer at five specified times each day in the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, as a means of connecting to Allah and their purpose in life – to remember and worship Him.

“Maintain with care the (obligatory) prayers and (in particular) the middle prayer and stand before Allah, devoutly obedient.”

Qur’an 2:238

Discover effective prayer language with a free Quranic education program. Watch and learn now. ( Understand Quran and Salaah Easy Way)

Please watch and learn what are you saying when you are praying!


Here are two videos that visually demonstrate how to perform salah according to the method of Rasulullah ﷺ. Please take a look.

1- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLWJtXtmnbM
2- Could you please download a step-by-step guide on how to perform Salah? Jazaka Allah Kheer here

How to pray Salah?

Salah is a ritual prayer that requires certain etiquettes in order to perform it correctly. However, some slight differences exist in what etiquettes are required depending on the Madhhab (school of thought) you follow within the Fiqh of Islam (Islamic jurisprudence). All four schools of thought are agreed upon and the prayer following any of these is valid.

How to pray Eid Salah?

Eid prayer is prayed in congregation with other Muslims on the mornings of the two Eid celebrations, Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr. You can follow our step-by-step guide to praying Eid Salah 

When is Salah for my area?

Salah times are appointed to times of the day that depend on the position of the sun. Since parts of the world experience daylight and night differently, it is important to follow the prayer times where you are situated. An authority will usually gather and publish the prayer time in your area for the public’s ease. You can check the prayer times for your area 

The Blessed Month of Sha'ban

Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research

Sha’ban: Reaping the Blessings of a Forgotten Month With Infographic – Another article

How To Pray Salah

How to Pray like the Prophet Muhammad Salallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

The word salah is commonly translated as “contact”, “communication” or “connection”. Using the word “prayer”



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